Sheer investment of time and energy has become an outdated way of work.
If we review the history of human civilization, we shall find that pursuit of efficiency is the driving force (推动力)behind many inventions.
A feasible new idea is able to help us greatly save labor and improve efficiency (极大地节约劳力、提高效率).
Routines are always precious experiences (宝贵的经验), but sometimes we have to break the routine(打破常规) to find more appropriate ways to be in line with (符合)the actual reality.
Even the most advanced methods will drop behind (落伍)one day, and even the wisest mind will be the obstacle to new things if it is confined by (受…禁锢) a certain mode.
Only when we don’t stick to (拘泥于) inherent routines and be diligent in thinking and innovating can we make a brand new life.
Likewise, dogmatic beliefs, inconsistent with (与…不符)empirical reality, would impede individuals from (阻碍)achieving their goals.
To break from the blinkered (思想狭隘的)mindset of dogmatism, one should tune into (注意，了解)what’s going on and keep in rhythm with (保持与…节奏一致)changes in daily living.
Meanwhile, it is imperative to approach alternative views with an open mind rather than becoming a prisoner of your own myopic (目光短浅的)mental model.
When looking for a job or pursuing other goals, young people tend to aim high, but not put their thoughts into action (好高骛远，没有付诸行动).
What’s worse, they are beginning to adopt a cynical attitude (愤世嫉俗的态度)towards life, complaining about unfairness brought upon them.
The unwillingness to take effective measures for the dream may lead to permanent failure in one’s personal and even affect the development of a country.
Before taking actions ,we should do adequate investigation so as to have a definite object in view and then choose the most suitable way. Otherwise, our efforts will be futile (无效的，无用的).
Any success depends upon previous preparations, and without such preparation there is sure to be failure.
To avoid the embarrassing (令人尴尬的)situation of “milking the bull”, we should keep in mind that advance investigation is absolutely necessary. Our endeavor will pay off (取得顺利)only when we are moving toward the right direction guided by the result of our research.
Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
1) describe the drawing briefly,
2) explain its intended meaning,and
3) give your comments.
You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)
In the picture, there are five men who are pushing blocks. Among them, four are working hard on square ones, and other one is working with ease on a round one. The men working on the round block is way ahead of the rest. Behind him there are some scrapes and a knife stuck into the ground. Obviously, he has cut his square block with the knife into what is now a ball.
The picture is trying to tell us that it is not enough to work hard. One needs to work smart. Many jobs do not just need strength and labor, but need ingenuity (独创性), too. Sheer investment of time and energy has become an outdated way of work. Actually, to accomplish a lot of work in a short time is the dream of humans from the very beginning. If we review the history of human civilization,we shall find that pursuit of efficiency is the driving force (推动力)behind many inventions. We’ve invented the wheel to travel faster. We’ve invented the computer to achieve rapid calculation. And we’ve invented the Internet to make the globe a small village.
In the age of innovation and rapid technological advances, many jobs do not need as much strength and labor as they used to. A feasible new idea is able to help us greatly save labor and improve efficiency. Just as the caption says, “Be not just diligentbe also ingenious in your work!”